Recognizing coins and understanding their value are two separate and important skills. Young students cannot be expected to add and subtract mixed coins, then understand the different value of each one, if they don’t first recognize individual coins.
In the United States we have four major coins in our exchange system: penny, nickel, dime, and quarter.
Understanding coins is like understanding fractions. They are part of a “whole” and can be added, subtracted, and exchanged.
Here are simple activities to help a young student recognize and identify different coins, then understand the value of coin combinations.
First, start by playing a Card Coin Match game. This is played with a jar full of mixed coins and this printable game board. The game board also subtly reinforces coin value.
Once your child can easily recognize and identify different coins, play Got Five! This game is for two players. For Got Five! you will need one die, 30 pennies, and 15 nickels. Here are the steps:
- Put the pennies and nickels in one pile to make a bank.
- Take turns rolling the die and collecting the number of pennies shown on the die. For example, roll a 4, collect four pennies.
- Whenever one player has at least five pennies, he can “trade” them for a nickel, putting the pennies back in the bank.
- The game ends when there are no more nickels left in the bank.
When your child masters Got Five!, introduce and play Got Ten! The directions are similar to those for Got Five! The bank for Got Ten! also includes 10 dimes as well as the 30 pennies and 15 nickels.
- When the die is rolled, players make different combinations of pennies and nickels to trade for a dime.
- When the dimes are gone, the game is over.
Having fun while learning with coins is a terrific way for young students to remember crucial skills needed for math success.