A goal of No Child Left Behind is to assess schools based on all students’ performance, not just the ones at the top. To meet adequate yearly progress benchmarks, schools have to meet goals based on not just the average of all students but also the average of students in certain identified subgroups, such as white, black, Hispanic, Native American, Asian, multiracial, economically disadvantaged, English-language learners, and students with special needs or disabilities. A school may be exempt if they have too few students in a certain subgroup.

See more accountability-related education terms, or click the links at the top for a full list of education terms.