The landmark No Child Left Behind Act, signed into law in 2002 and commonly referred to as NCLB, holds schools and teachers accountable for student learning through a series of state-level standardized tests, goals, and sanctions for schools that miss those goals. It is a sweeping law that touches on everything from school discipline to military recruitment on high school campuses, but accountability is at the heart of NCLB.

See more accountability-related education terms, or click the links at the top for a full list of education terms.