Free and reduced-priced lunch refers to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National School Lunch Program for students who qualify for free or reduced-cost meals because their family income is low. It’s relevant for accountability because it is used to determine how many of a school’s students are economically disadvantaged; this in turn determines whether a school receives federal Title I funds. In addition, schools are judged not just on how well their overall school population performs but also how well their economically disadvantaged students perform as a subgroup.

See more accountability-related education terms, or click the links at the top for a full list of education terms.