Test scores broken down by subgroups, such as race, socioeconomic status, gender, special education participation, and English language ability, is known as disaggregated data. This enables the public to see how well a school educates all its students, not just those with the most advantages. Disaggregating test results can also show principals and teachers the specific areas they need to work on within subjects such as math or science. This is known as “drilling down” and enables teachers to use this test data to better meet the needs of their students.

See more accountability-related education terms, or click the links at the top for a full list of education terms.