logo

1 minute reading time (249 words)

Practice Cause-and-Effect Thinking for Better Reading Comprehension

Critical thinking skills are based on prior knowledge and experience. In reading, these higher-level strategies help young students make reasonable guesses based on what they already know. This in turn helps to significantly increase their reading comprehension.

One easy way to start developing these skills in a young child is to discuss cause and effect. A child should know that a cause is “why” something happens, and an effect is “what” happens.

Parents can help a child seamlessly practice and incorporate this kind of thinking when reading together and into everyday life. Start by pointing out cause and effect in daily situations:

  • If you’re not at the bus stop by 8:15, you miss the bus.
  • If you leave a ball of string on the floor, the kitty will probably get tangled in it.
  • If you take a deep breath, then blow on the candle, the flame will go out.
  • When you fly the kite by the tree, it will most likely get caught in it.


When reading together look for  cause and effect “trigger” words like first, last, then, because, if, so, when, probably, most likely, etc.

Cause and effect can be found in fiction, nonfiction, poetry, essays, and most other types of writing. Understanding cause and effect helps a child make important connections to what’s happening in a story. The more connections young readers can make, the more they deepen their understanding.

 

> Encouraging "Deeper-Level" Thinking in Young Children

> Open-Ended Questions Stretch Your Child's Thinking Skills

Preparing Young High Schoolers for College Success
Getting Teens To Open Up

Related Posts

 

You have no rights to post comments

School Family Connection Newsletter

Get school tips, recipes, worksheets, and more

First Name
Email *
Yes, send offers from carefully selected partners.
(* = required field)

Advertisement
Advertisement

Do you allow your children to watch TV or play on the computer before doing their homework?

No - 37.4%
Sometimes - 25.4%
Yes - 31.6%

Total votes: 4919
The voting for this poll has ended on: June 25, 2016