I often rely on two of my old favorite teaching aids in helping young students with basic math. A common deck of playing cards and a child’s hand full of U.S. coins can work wonders in helping students understand the value of numbers.
Children must first be able to recognize the four main U.S. coins (penny, nickel, dime, and quarter). First, download my "Coin Match Value Game"— it's a perfect way for young students to learn coin recognition, while subtly learning coin value.
Or you can use a deck of regular playing cards:
- Take a king, a ten card, a five card, and an ace, of the same suit, from the deck.
- Put the card face up on a table.
- Have your child sit facing the cards.
- Have him place a quarter on the king, a dime on the 10 card, a nickel on the five card, and a penny on the ace.
- Let him go through the rest of the coins and place them below the appropriate cards.
As your child gets older, a further expansion of this game is to play “substitute the coins.” Once all the coins are placed on their proper cards, use the coin match value game to help your child “substitute” coins for equal numeric value. Here’s how:
- Start by introducing a new card, a queen from a deck of cards, to act as a “bank.” Put the queen off to the side.
- Have him take a dime from the “ten card pile” and place it on the bank.
- He must then replace the dime with coins from the other card piles to equal 10 (for example, a nickel and five pennies, two nickels or 10 pennies).
- He can invest a quarter into the bank by replacing it with a variety of coins. The coins get moved around, but the total value of the coins, including the coins in the bank, stays the same.
- Play often, until your child can easily make coin substitutions without adult help.
These games are wonderful learning tools. In addition, they can be great fun. This is especially true if, at the end of the games, the young student gets to keep all the coins!