This means that they must consider elements of a story as they read.

To do this, your child will need to understand some literary terms. You can go over them together. They include:

Main idea. This is the point of the story. For example, the main idea of many fairy tales is that good will win out over evil.

Plot. This is what happens in a story. There is a beginning, a middle and an end.

Imagery. Is there language in the story that makes the reader feel part of the story? When imagery is used well, the reader can almost see, hear, smell or touch what is happening in the story.

Characters and setting. The characters are the living things (people, beasts, imaginary creatures) in the story. The setting is where it takes place.

Symbolism. Sometimes an author uses a character or object in the story to represent something else. For example, a river in the story might represent life. As the character goes down the river, he goes through life.

Simile and metaphor. These are phrases used to compare one thing to another. Similes use the words “like” or “as.” Metaphors do not.

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